Tag Archive | "San Leonardo"

Torna la cuccagna di san Leonardo a Castrignano dei Greci


Torna la ricorrenza di san Leonardo a Castrignano dei Greci, tra devozione, bancarelle, buon cibo e l’albero della cuccagna.

I festeggiamenti sacri, d’origine medioevale, e la storica fiera-mercato istituita nel 1949 si terranno la seconda domenica di novembre a Castrignano dei Greci, presso l’omonima cappella ottocentesca dedicata al santo, in via Carpignano, dove sorgeva l’antica cripta di San Leonardo.

La fiera è un appuntamento molto sentito per i castrignanesi, tanto da attenderla con impazienza per tutto l’anno. Tradizionalmente nel pomeriggio di festa si tiene anche la caratteristica cuccagna, una delle poche rimaste in tutto il Salento, in cui squadre di giovani provano in tutti i modi a scalare il palo per raggiungere i premi al vertice dell’asta.

Come molte delle fiere autunnali del sud Salento, anche questa era dedicata all’approvigionamento di beni per riuscire a superare l’inverno.

Non è una coincidenza che queste sagre, quella di Ognissanti di Carpignano e quelle dedicate al culto dei santi Medici, siano tutte legate alla festa di san Martino. L’11 novembre era la conclusione dell’anno celtico, nonché dell’anno agricolo, data fondamentale per una civiltà basata sul culto della terra come quella salentina.

Leonardo di nobili origini franche, nacque in Gallia nel 496 nel castello di Vandôme presso Orleans. Seguì gli insegnamenti di san Remigio, vescovo di Reims. A entrambi venne concesso da Salii Clodoveo di liberare i prigionieri che avessero ritenuto innocenti. Per questo divenne il santo protettore dei carcerati innocenti, spesso rappresentato con delle catene.

San Leonardo è anche il protettore delle donne incinte. Aiutò la moglie di re Clodoveo a partorire.

Ottenne così in segno di riconoscenza la proprietà di una parte del bosco in cui si trovava e nel quale decise di fondare l’oratorio “Nostra Signora di sotto gli alberi”.

Il culto di Leonardo in Italia e nel resto d’Europa si diffuse nel XI secolo, grazie ai pellegrinaggi verso Santiago di Compostela, di cui Noblac divenne una tappa del viaggio, e anche grazie a Boemondo I d’Antiochia, signore normanno imprigionato dagli infedeli e poi liberato dopo tre anni per intercessione del santo.

In Italia oggi esistono 225 luoghi di culto del santo. Nei giorni che dovrebbero celebrare l’anniversario della sua morte, probabilmente avvenuta il 6 novembre 559, si tengono delle feste in tutta Italia oltre che a Castrignano anche a Colli a Volturno, Isola Vicentina e a Mascali.

Jenny De Cicco

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