Categoria | Cultura

Santi Medici, nel Salento culto che si perpetua da secoli

Santi Medici, nel Salento culto che si perpetua da secoli

Cosma e Damiano, ovvero i Santi Medici, hanno un grande seguito di fedeli nei comuni del Salento. Tra i paesi che festeggiano il culto dei due santi ricordiamo Maglie e Uggiano La Chiesa. A Maglie il culto è molto sentito sebbene Cosma e Damiano non figurino tra i santi protettori: a loro sono state dedicate una chiesa e una corte. Quest’ultima oggi ospita l’associazione Biblioteca di Sarajevo, e al suo interno è ubicata una bellissima edicola dei santi. Ѐ da tener presente che i due Medici in questione sono i protettori della salute, ed è forse per questo aspetto che la festa è molto sentita. In merito a questo aspetto la tradizione ci fa capire l’importanza del loro culto, in particolare, tramite un detto salentino: “Santi Metici mei, tatime la sanitate te lu corpu e te l’anima”, che tradotto significa “Santi Medici miei, datemi la salute del corpo e dell’anima”. chiesa-ss-medici_maglieE ciò è talmente tanto creduto, soprattutto tra le persone anziane, che durante la processione molte di loro proseguono il cammino a piedi nudi in segno di gratitudine per aver ricevuto la grazia. Ogni 26 settembre, dunque, si può assistere a una grande fiaccolata, con corteo che si snoda tra le vie cittadine formato da due file di persone con in mano una candela, simbolo del sacro fuoco. La stessa ricorrenza è viva anche a Uggiano La Chiesa. Qui la festa è unita a una fiera nei giorni che vanno dal 24 al 27 settembre. Nel pomeriggio del 26 si svolge la processione in direzione dell’antica cappella. Una volta giunta la statua, si procede al rito della messa e al conseguente spettacolo pirotecnico. Tradizione vuole che la venerazione di questi santi passi per un evento miracoloso: si narra infatti che un contadino uggianese fu travolto dalle ruote del suo carro, ma rimase miracolosamente illeso per intercessione dei santi Cosma e Damiano.

Alessandro Conte

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