Categoria | Cultura

Citizen Dick

Citizen Dick

Stamattina, stavo rivedendo “Quarto potere”, uno straordinario film del 1941, diretto e interpretato da un appena 25enne Orson Welles. Come tutti quelli che abbiano visto la pellicola sanno, il film parla di un magnate dell’editoria e della comunicazione che muore in solitudine. Il titolo originale è “Citizen Kane”, dal cognome del protagonista della storia, mentre in Italia è stato tradotto con “Quarto potere”, con evidenti riferimenti alla teoria sociologica secondo cui la stampa possa o meno influenzare l’opinione pubblica. La trama presenta affinità con la realtà, perché prende ispirazione da un personaggio realmente esistito, ma è impossibile non ravvisare oggi in Kane un antico Silvio Berlusconi e in Xanadu la sua Arcore. Ma questa è un’altra storia, anche perché il finale del film non ha affinità con il reale, dato che il protagonista muore in solitudine, mentre Berlusconi è vivo, sta bene e fa politica, più che altro però ricorda il finale de “Il caimano”. Ma in fondo fiction e realtà si mescolano sempre, al cinema, per mostrarci un mondo ideale, un mondo di evasione.
Difficile però, vedendo “Citizen Kane”, non addentrarsi in pensieri più profondi che non semplici accostamenti anacronisticamente impossibili. Viene da pensare all’influenza dei media sulle persone. “Quarto potere” ha fatto sì che poi venissero coniate le espressioni “Quinto potere”, in riferimento alla tv, e “Sesto potere”, che invece inerisce a internet. Ma a chi fa informazione come me viene spesso un pensiero in mente: quanto effettivamente i media influiscono sul pensiero delle persone o le persone abbiano i mezzi e i modi per ragionare con la propria testa? Propendo per quest’ultima ipotesi. Perché altrimenti, come scriveva uno dei miei autori preferiti, Mark Twain, già nell’800, altrimenti significherebbe immaginare che il lettore sia in realtà un idiota. Ogni giornalista si augura che i propri lettori abbiano spirito critico, proprio per non trovarsi a parafrasare il titolo del filmone di Welles, e sostituire il nome Kane con un altro. Dick.

Angela Leucci

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